MIT: Know more from the experts

Want to know more about MIT? The experts who were at Band wrote a text with lots of juicy details! The introduction is below and the full document is on Moodle.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

por Dra. Elaine Lizeo & Fernando Carvalho*

No último dia 09 de outubro, estivemos no Colégio Bandeirantes para uma palestra sobre o renomado MIT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Estavam presentes alunos do ensino médio e fundamental. Na palestra, abordamos diversos temas sobre o Instituto de um modo geral, e mais particularmente sobre sua história,  atmosfera, as 5 escolas que constituem o Instituto, a estrutura do programa de graduação e as inúmeras oportunidades educacionais disponíveis no MIT, além da natureza e especificidades de seu processo de seleção.

O evento foi bastante enriquecido com a participação de dois novos membros do time de entrevistadores do MIT aqui no Brasil, Clarissa Crego Forneris, formada no MIT em 2013 com um Bacharelado, BS, em Química, e Marco Antonio Lopes Pedroso, formado no MIT em 2014 com um Bacharelado, BS, em Ciências da Computação e Engenharia, e em 2015 com um Mestrado em Engenharia Elétrica & Ciência da Computação.

O MIT é reconhecido mundialmente pela sua excelência e liderança nas mais diversas áreas do conhecimento: Engenharia, Ciências, Tecnologia, Linguística, Economia, entre outras.

Procuramos contextualizar historicamente a fundação do MIT. Diferentemente de outras universidades mais tradicionais como Harvard (1636), Yale (1701) e Princeton (1746) fundadas ainda sob a dominação britânica encerrada com a guerra de independência americana (1775-1783), o MIT foi fundado em 1861 em Boston, mas iniciou suas atividades em 1865, ao final da guerra civil americana, com o propósito de servir ao esforço de industrialização de uma nação independente em construção, vivendo sob uma atmosfera de grande liberdade.

O MIT tem como missão “promover o conhecimento e educar alunos em ciências, tecnologia e outras áreas que melhor servirão a nação e ao mundo no século XXI”. O Instituto está empenhado em gerar, disseminar e preservar o conhecimento e trabalhar com outros para aplicar esses conhecimentos aos grandes desafios do mundo.

Ao longo do tempo, o MIT se transformou de uma escola de engenharia propriamente dita para uma universidade baseada em ciências (Science-based University), cujo objetivo principal é criar a economia mais avançada do futuro estimulado por diversos centros de empreendedorismo em tecnologias de ponta (Entrepreneurship in High Technology). MIT Professor Ed Roberts,  fundador e presidente do Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship at the MIT Sloan School of Management,  em um artigo publicado no Slice of MIT em janeiro de 2017, afirma que  estudos recentes mostram que ex-alunos do MIT em atividade criaram mais de 30.000 empresas em funcionamento, com 4,5 milhões de funcionários, o equivalente em receitas à 10º economia do mundo.

A pesquisa interdisciplinar e a cultura de cooperação entre alunos, professores e pesquisadores de diferentes áreas do conhecimento estão disseminadas nas 5 escolas que constituem o MIT: School of Engineering, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, School of Science, School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, e a Sloan School of Management. O departamento de Matemática do MIT funciona como uma espécie de centro de gravidade do Instituto. Lógica matemática, modelos matemáticos, matemática discreta e contínua são insumos presentes na grande maioria das pesquisas das mais diversas áreas do Instituto.

A atmosfera de grande liberdade, a política de portas abertas e a flexibilidade da estrutura acadêmica e de pesquisa existentes no MIT têm atraído alunos brilhantes e pesquisadores de renome mundial. Entre eles podemos citar: Sir Tim Berners-Lee, 2016 Turing Award (o prêmio Nobel da Ciência da Computação), considerado o inventor da world wide web; Eric Lander, MIT Biology Professor, o pai do projeto Genoma, fundador e presidente do Broad Institute, uma associação do MIT, Harvard University e hospitais da região de Boston; Noam Chomsky, MIT Institute Professor, pai da Linguística Moderna;   Ronald Rivest, Institute Professor  e criptógrafo;  Donald Sadoway, MIT Professor of Solid State Chemistry; Tom Leighton, MIT Professor of Applied Mathematics e CEO da Akamai.  Para citar um ex-aluno de grande reputação, Richard Feynman, MIT Class of 1939, SB – Bachelor Of Science, Course 8 – Physics e 1965 Physics Nobel Prize, um dos mais importantes Físicos do século XX e uma fonte de inspiração para jovens talentosos na área de ciências do mundo todo.

Como funciona o curso de graduação do MIT  

Os alunos iniciam o curso de graduação no MIT com uma área de concentração não declarada. Durante o primeiro ano, o Instituto oferece feiras acadêmicas, palestras, seminários e outros programas para ajudar os alunos a decidirem quais áreas melhor se adequam aos seus interesses e objetivos de estudos e carreira, opção essa que deverá ser feita até o inicio do segundo ano. O MIT oferece um leque de opções de estudos em mais de 70 áreas do conhecimento.

Independentemente da área a ser escolhida, se Física ou Linguística, Matemática ou Ciências Políticas, todos os alunos da graduação, sem exceção, têm que cumprir um currículo básico requerido pelo MIT, conhecido como GIRs (General Instituto Requirements). Devem ser cursadas 6 matérias na área de ciências (Matemática, Física, Química e Biologia), 8 matérias na área de humanas, 2 matérias eletivas restritas à ciências e tecnologia e 1 laboratório. Esses requerimentos são considerados a base acadêmica do MIT.

Para aliviar a pressão e garantir a exploração de áreas que de início o aluno não consideraria, seja por achar muito demandante ou por não ter nenhuma base a respeito, o Instituto segue o sistema de pass/no record para o primeiro semestre e ABC/no record para o segundo semestre. Nesse sistema, as reprovações não são registradas no histórico escolar do aluno no primeiro ano da graduação. No primeiro semestre os alunos recebem um “pass”  nas matérias em que forem aprovados e no segundo semestre recebem as devidas notas A, B ou C nas matérias em que forem aprovados, sem registros das reprovações.

Aqueles alunos que demonstrarem um aproveitamento muito abaixo do esperado no primeiro ano podem ser convidados a voltar para casa, para se prepararem melhor e eventualmente retornarem ao MIT para continuar seus estudos.

O MIT disponibiliza para os alunos da graduação o UROP – Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program, um programa único entre as universidades americanas, onde os alunos têm a oportunidade de participar desde o início da graduação de projetos de pesquisa liderados por professores de renome do Instituto.

Também único do MIT é o IAP, Independent Activities Period, um termo, que compreende o mês de janeiro, quando não há aulas regulares, e oferece a alunos, professores, ex-alunos e funcionários a oportunidade de organizarem e participarem de uma enorme gama de atividades e cursos. Durante o IAP, os alunos regularmente matriculados nos diferentes programas podem cursar matérias e participar de seminários e workshops que contam créditos.

Para maiores informações acesse o link:

http://mitadmissions.org/discover/academics

Keep reading this on Moodle!

 

* Dra. Elaine Lizeo, Brazilian Chair – MIT Educational Council, é desde 2008 coordenadora do time brasileiro de entrevistadores de candidatos ao programa de graduação do MIT. No período de 2003 a 2006, trabalhou no MIT Admissions Office, em Cambridge, como application reader do pool americano e internacional.

Fernando Carvalho, tem uma história relacionada ao MIT iniciada no ano de 1995, quando, em conjunto com Elaine Lizeo, desenvolveu um trabalho muito bem sucedido de ampliação da representatividade brasileira no programa de MBA da MIT Sloan School of Management, situado no topo do ranking dos programas de MBA dos Estados Unidos naquele ano.

Desde 2007, Elaine e Fernando, autorizados pelo MIT Dean of Admissions, Stu Schmill, têm desenvolvido no Brasil um trabalho sustentável de divulgação de oportunidades educacionais no ultra competitivo programa de graduação do MIT, e em Cambridge junto ao Admissions Office, visando uma maior visibilidade dos brasileiros que gozam de excelente reputação dentro da comunidade de graduação do Instituto.

 

College Advice I Wish I’d Taken

Great article by the NY Times that’s definitely worth reading. Some highlights are below. Full article available here.

Here’s what I wish I’d known and done differently:

A’S ARE COOL AND COME WITH PERKS – As a student, I saw myself as anti-establishment, and I hated tests; I barely maintained a B average. I thought only nerds spent weekends in the library studying. I was retroactively envious to learn that a 3.5 G.P.A. or higher at many schools qualifies you for free trips, scholarships, grants, awards, private parties and top internships.

SHOW UP AND SPEAK UP  If a class was boring or it snowed, I’d skip. My rationale was that nobody in the 300-person lecture hall would notice and I could get notes later. Attendance barely counted. When I went, I’d sit quietly in back. Yet as a teacher, I see that the students who come weekly, sit in front, and ask and answer questions get higher grades and frankly, preferential treatment. I reward those who try harder with recommendations, references, professional contacts and encouragement.

CLASS CONNECTIONS CAN LAUNCH YOUR CAREER – As an undergrad, I rarely visited my professors during office hours. I didn’t want to annoy teachers with what I considered triviality. Besides, I thought I knew everything already. But it’s not just your professors who will help your life trajectory. Several classmates of mine from graduate school wound up working as editors at other publications, and they have since hired me for freelance work.

PROFESSORS ARE PEOPLE, TOO – As a teacher, I’ve kept all the letters, cards and poems of gratitude I’ve been sent. It’s nice to be appreciated, and it makes a lasting impression. After one of my intro sessions, a freshman from Idaho blurted out: “Awesome class! It’s like you stuck my fingers in a light socket.” I laughed and invited her to speed walk with me around the local park — an activity I take part in nightly as a sort of active office hours — and we workshopped ideas that led to her first book. And when a student confided she was dying to take another class with me but had lost her financial aid, I let her audit. In retrospect, I should have been more open with the instructors I admired.

FIND YOUR PROFESSORS ON SOCIAL MEDIA – I answer all emails, and while I may not accept all friend requests, I respond to students who follow me on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. More important, social media is where I post about panels, job openings and freelance work. Checking out students’ social media feeds also allows me to see new sides of their personalities.

YOU’RE NOT STUCK – Don’t be afraid to ask for emotional support. It was a graduate school professor who recommended my first therapist to me: She was a fantastic listener who charged on a sliding scale. Therapy can be cheap, fun and easily available — not to mention lifesaving. And if it turns out you’re in the wrong school, don’t worry. A third of college students transfer before graduating.

 

To Post or Not to Post? How Social Media Influences College Admissions

Very relevant article by the Huffington Post. Highlights are below. Full article here.

More and more, what teens post online influences the college admissions process. Some 35% of college admissions officers now check applicants’ social media pages, compared to just 10% of officers in 2008, according to Kaplan Test Prep’s 2017 survey of 365 college admissions officers.

So, what’s a prospective college student to do? Below are three tips to ensure your social media footprint works for you, not against you.

Determine your ‘it’ factor
Before jumping into the tactics, let’s think big picture: What passions, expertise, achievements, and skills can you showcase? What value can you bring to your college community? In short: What’s your personal brand?
“Pay attention to the image that you’re projecting,” stresses Hans Hanson, CEO and Founder of CollegeLogic. “Create the image you desire and build your brand. Work hard to develop it and protect it with every ounce of responsible intention.”

Develop your digital portfolio
Now that you have audited your online presence and reflected on your strengths, it’s time to create a captivating online portfolio.
Start with a clean-up. Remove social media profiles that are dormant, off-brand, or inappropriate. No references to alcohol or drug usage, no profanity, no defamatory comments.

Next, construct the right profiles. Make every word, photo, and video count. Spend time crafting a LinkedIn presence, and showcase your experience, achievements, and aspirations. Secure testimonials and endorsements from teachers, employers, athletic coaches, and club presidents.
Lastly, remember: less is more. Rather than using every social media platform, select just a few that are in sync with your career aspirations. For example: Those interested in the creative arts should leverage YouTube or Instagram.

Make some noise
You have your portfolio complete. Now what? It’s important to deliver the experience of you in a meaningful and deliberate way. Avoid posting “in the moment” — instead, take time to craft content that showcases your character, expertise, and passion. Hone the art of storytelling through blogging; tell your story through a series of thoughtful essays. And consider doing so on your own website. (If you’re not up to that just yet, still snag the vanity URL. Otherwise, someone else may come along and scoop up yourname.com.)
Invest in networking both online and offline. College-bound students can use Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and LinkedIn to communicate with other prospective students, or to seek out alumni events. Also make sure to connect via LinkedIn with college advisors and department heads at desired colleges and universities.

10 Universities Where International Students Receive Aid

According to data submitted to U.S. News in an annual survey, among the 419 ranked schools where at least 50 international students were awarded aid during 2016-2017, the average amounted to $20,470. But the average was significantly higher among the 10 schools where those students were given the most aid, at $60,576.

Topping the list is the University of Chicago, ranked in a tie at No. 3 among National Universities. Also on the list: the Ivy League Harvard University and Yale University, along with Williams College, the No. 1 ranked National Liberal Arts College. Columbia University, which is second on the list after the University of Chicago, is also the private school with the highest tuition and fees – $57,208 – for the 2017-2018 school year.

Other schools on the list include: Skidmore College, Trinity College, Stanford University, Amherst College, Wesleyan University.

To see the table with details from the 10 universities go to: US News 10 Universities Where International Students Receive Aid

 

Browsing a College Course Catalog

When thinking about what university you may want to apply to or even thinking about a potential major, one tool that can be very helpful is to browse through some course catalogs.

Most universities now have their course catalogs online and you can see classes offered, pre-requisites by major, etc.

Some examples include:

University of Chicago The College Catalog

Boston University Courses Search

UCLA Catalog

So start browsing and learn more about what your day-to-day classes at these universities would actually be like!

Screen Shot 2017-09-19 at 16.49.18

 

Top 10 universities for producing Nobel prizewinners

Princeton University has topped a list of institutions with the most Nobel laureates this century, while the US dominates a top 10 based on the nationality of the winners.

The Ivy League institution overtakes Stanford University, Columbia University and the University of California, Berkeley, after the announcements of this year’s prizes to reach the summit of the table, which is dominated by US universities and was drawn up by Times Higher Education.

Read more: Top 10 universities for producing Nobel prizewinners 2016

Screen Shot 2017-09-04 at 13.17.18

World University Rankings 2018

Times Higher Education released their 2018 World University Rankings. The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2018 list the top 1,000 universities in the world, making it the biggest international league table to date.

It is the only global university performance table to judge research-intensive universities across all of their core missions: teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook. THE uses 13 carefully calibrated performance indicators to provide the most comprehensive and balanced comparisons, trusted by students, academics, university leaders, industry and governments.

University of Oxford is number 1, followed by University of Cambridge at number 2. California Institute of Technology and Stanford are tied for third place. MIT is number 5, while Harvard University sits at number 6 on the list. Princeton University is number 7, Imperial College London is number 8 and University of Chicago is number 9. To finish the top 10, ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich and University of Pennsylvania are tied at number 10. Yale, Johns Hopkins, Columbia, UCLA, University College London, Duke, UC Berkeley, Cornell and Northwestern rank among the top 20.

View the full ranking and the methodology here: THE 2018 World University Rankings

the ranking

Stars Who Are Also College Students!

Did you know Brooklyn Beckham is heading to the Parsons School of Design in New York City to study photography?

And that Malia Obama is continuing in her parents’ Ivy League footsteps by attending Harvard University this fall after taking part in a gap year?

Meanwhile, Modern Family siblings Ariel Winter and Nolan Gould will go to rival California schools in the near future — University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Southern California, respectively.

Read more in this ET article: Stars Who Are Also College Students!

Malia-Obama_Harvard

brooklyn-beckham-1

A Few Telling Freshman Trends

The New York Times published a very interesting article on some telling freshman trends.

In 1967, 43% of people answering the survey didn’t apply to any universities. The second largest percentage was 21% which applied to ONE university. By comparison, in 2016 21% of those surveyed were applying to 7 to 10 universities.

In 1974, 77% of those surveyed were attending their first choice university. In 2016 57% are attending their first choice.

More results in the photo below or on the NY Times website.

freshman survey

Want to be a billionaire?

Forbes just recently published an article discussing “The Universities Churning Out The Most Billionaires

In the article they say that:

Harvard is the world’s premier university for producing billionaires. According to Times Higher Education, the institution boasts 35 billionaires in its alumni with a collective net worth of $309 billion. In fact, it has almost three times as many billionaire graduates as second-placed Columbia University. Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg are notable billionaires who dropped out of Harvard and among those who graduated, Michael Bloomberg is considered the wealthiest with a net worth of about $40 billion.

As mentioned above, Columbia University comes second on the list with 12 billionaires who have a total wealth of $171.7 billion. Though it can’t compete with Harvard in terms of the sheer number of super-rich alumni, Columbia University can boast the world’s wealthiest graduate in Warren Buffet. The business magnate graduated with a master’s degree in economics in 1951. Stanford University rounds off the top-three with 10 billionaires among its former students. Collectively, they have a net worth of just under $149.2 billion. The first non-American university to make the list is Oxford in the UK at number 12 with 4 billionaires among its alumni with a collective $28.4 billion fortune.

20161129_Billionaires_Universities