MIT: Know more from the experts

Want to know more about MIT? The experts who were at Band wrote a text with lots of juicy details! The introduction is below and the full document is on Moodle.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

por Dra. Elaine Lizeo & Fernando Carvalho*

No último dia 09 de outubro, estivemos no Colégio Bandeirantes para uma palestra sobre o renomado MIT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Estavam presentes alunos do ensino médio e fundamental. Na palestra, abordamos diversos temas sobre o Instituto de um modo geral, e mais particularmente sobre sua história,  atmosfera, as 5 escolas que constituem o Instituto, a estrutura do programa de graduação e as inúmeras oportunidades educacionais disponíveis no MIT, além da natureza e especificidades de seu processo de seleção.

O evento foi bastante enriquecido com a participação de dois novos membros do time de entrevistadores do MIT aqui no Brasil, Clarissa Crego Forneris, formada no MIT em 2013 com um Bacharelado, BS, em Química, e Marco Antonio Lopes Pedroso, formado no MIT em 2014 com um Bacharelado, BS, em Ciências da Computação e Engenharia, e em 2015 com um Mestrado em Engenharia Elétrica & Ciência da Computação.

O MIT é reconhecido mundialmente pela sua excelência e liderança nas mais diversas áreas do conhecimento: Engenharia, Ciências, Tecnologia, Linguística, Economia, entre outras.

Procuramos contextualizar historicamente a fundação do MIT. Diferentemente de outras universidades mais tradicionais como Harvard (1636), Yale (1701) e Princeton (1746) fundadas ainda sob a dominação britânica encerrada com a guerra de independência americana (1775-1783), o MIT foi fundado em 1861 em Boston, mas iniciou suas atividades em 1865, ao final da guerra civil americana, com o propósito de servir ao esforço de industrialização de uma nação independente em construção, vivendo sob uma atmosfera de grande liberdade.

O MIT tem como missão “promover o conhecimento e educar alunos em ciências, tecnologia e outras áreas que melhor servirão a nação e ao mundo no século XXI”. O Instituto está empenhado em gerar, disseminar e preservar o conhecimento e trabalhar com outros para aplicar esses conhecimentos aos grandes desafios do mundo.

Ao longo do tempo, o MIT se transformou de uma escola de engenharia propriamente dita para uma universidade baseada em ciências (Science-based University), cujo objetivo principal é criar a economia mais avançada do futuro estimulado por diversos centros de empreendedorismo em tecnologias de ponta (Entrepreneurship in High Technology). MIT Professor Ed Roberts,  fundador e presidente do Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship at the MIT Sloan School of Management,  em um artigo publicado no Slice of MIT em janeiro de 2017, afirma que  estudos recentes mostram que ex-alunos do MIT em atividade criaram mais de 30.000 empresas em funcionamento, com 4,5 milhões de funcionários, o equivalente em receitas à 10º economia do mundo.

A pesquisa interdisciplinar e a cultura de cooperação entre alunos, professores e pesquisadores de diferentes áreas do conhecimento estão disseminadas nas 5 escolas que constituem o MIT: School of Engineering, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, School of Science, School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, e a Sloan School of Management. O departamento de Matemática do MIT funciona como uma espécie de centro de gravidade do Instituto. Lógica matemática, modelos matemáticos, matemática discreta e contínua são insumos presentes na grande maioria das pesquisas das mais diversas áreas do Instituto.

A atmosfera de grande liberdade, a política de portas abertas e a flexibilidade da estrutura acadêmica e de pesquisa existentes no MIT têm atraído alunos brilhantes e pesquisadores de renome mundial. Entre eles podemos citar: Sir Tim Berners-Lee, 2016 Turing Award (o prêmio Nobel da Ciência da Computação), considerado o inventor da world wide web; Eric Lander, MIT Biology Professor, o pai do projeto Genoma, fundador e presidente do Broad Institute, uma associação do MIT, Harvard University e hospitais da região de Boston; Noam Chomsky, MIT Institute Professor, pai da Linguística Moderna;   Ronald Rivest, Institute Professor  e criptógrafo;  Donald Sadoway, MIT Professor of Solid State Chemistry; Tom Leighton, MIT Professor of Applied Mathematics e CEO da Akamai.  Para citar um ex-aluno de grande reputação, Richard Feynman, MIT Class of 1939, SB – Bachelor Of Science, Course 8 – Physics e 1965 Physics Nobel Prize, um dos mais importantes Físicos do século XX e uma fonte de inspiração para jovens talentosos na área de ciências do mundo todo.

Como funciona o curso de graduação do MIT  

Os alunos iniciam o curso de graduação no MIT com uma área de concentração não declarada. Durante o primeiro ano, o Instituto oferece feiras acadêmicas, palestras, seminários e outros programas para ajudar os alunos a decidirem quais áreas melhor se adequam aos seus interesses e objetivos de estudos e carreira, opção essa que deverá ser feita até o inicio do segundo ano. O MIT oferece um leque de opções de estudos em mais de 70 áreas do conhecimento.

Independentemente da área a ser escolhida, se Física ou Linguística, Matemática ou Ciências Políticas, todos os alunos da graduação, sem exceção, têm que cumprir um currículo básico requerido pelo MIT, conhecido como GIRs (General Instituto Requirements). Devem ser cursadas 6 matérias na área de ciências (Matemática, Física, Química e Biologia), 8 matérias na área de humanas, 2 matérias eletivas restritas à ciências e tecnologia e 1 laboratório. Esses requerimentos são considerados a base acadêmica do MIT.

Para aliviar a pressão e garantir a exploração de áreas que de início o aluno não consideraria, seja por achar muito demandante ou por não ter nenhuma base a respeito, o Instituto segue o sistema de pass/no record para o primeiro semestre e ABC/no record para o segundo semestre. Nesse sistema, as reprovações não são registradas no histórico escolar do aluno no primeiro ano da graduação. No primeiro semestre os alunos recebem um “pass”  nas matérias em que forem aprovados e no segundo semestre recebem as devidas notas A, B ou C nas matérias em que forem aprovados, sem registros das reprovações.

Aqueles alunos que demonstrarem um aproveitamento muito abaixo do esperado no primeiro ano podem ser convidados a voltar para casa, para se prepararem melhor e eventualmente retornarem ao MIT para continuar seus estudos.

O MIT disponibiliza para os alunos da graduação o UROP – Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program, um programa único entre as universidades americanas, onde os alunos têm a oportunidade de participar desde o início da graduação de projetos de pesquisa liderados por professores de renome do Instituto.

Também único do MIT é o IAP, Independent Activities Period, um termo, que compreende o mês de janeiro, quando não há aulas regulares, e oferece a alunos, professores, ex-alunos e funcionários a oportunidade de organizarem e participarem de uma enorme gama de atividades e cursos. Durante o IAP, os alunos regularmente matriculados nos diferentes programas podem cursar matérias e participar de seminários e workshops que contam créditos.

Para maiores informações acesse o link:

http://mitadmissions.org/discover/academics

Keep reading this on Moodle!

 

* Dra. Elaine Lizeo, Brazilian Chair – MIT Educational Council, é desde 2008 coordenadora do time brasileiro de entrevistadores de candidatos ao programa de graduação do MIT. No período de 2003 a 2006, trabalhou no MIT Admissions Office, em Cambridge, como application reader do pool americano e internacional.

Fernando Carvalho, tem uma história relacionada ao MIT iniciada no ano de 1995, quando, em conjunto com Elaine Lizeo, desenvolveu um trabalho muito bem sucedido de ampliação da representatividade brasileira no programa de MBA da MIT Sloan School of Management, situado no topo do ranking dos programas de MBA dos Estados Unidos naquele ano.

Desde 2007, Elaine e Fernando, autorizados pelo MIT Dean of Admissions, Stu Schmill, têm desenvolvido no Brasil um trabalho sustentável de divulgação de oportunidades educacionais no ultra competitivo programa de graduação do MIT, e em Cambridge junto ao Admissions Office, visando uma maior visibilidade dos brasileiros que gozam de excelente reputação dentro da comunidade de graduação do Instituto.

 

Should You Apply Early Action vs Early Decision?

Today is the deadline for Early applications and several of our seniors are submitting applications today. Below is a text from Princeton Review on Early Action vs Early Decision and important things to consider.

Many colleges allow applicants to submit their materials for an early deadline (sometime in the fall) that falls before the regular deadline (usually sometime in January or February). Here’s what you need to know.

Advantages of applying early
Show You’re Serious
Applying early lets your favorite school (or schools) know that you are serious about attending. Schools track how many applicants accept their offers of admission and release those numbers to the public. A school looks good when a high percentage of accepted applicants chose to attend. So if they think you’re likely to accept their offer of admission, it may give your application a leg up.

Cut Down on Admission Stress
If you are accepted to your dream school, you won’t have to bother with the time and expense of applying elsewhere. You can put your focus back on right now instead of one year from now.

Some students and high school counselors believe that applying early decision gives them better odds of acceptance, but the truth is early acceptance rates and admissions standards vary from school to school. You can find early decision application numbers and acceptance rates for many schools in our Best Colleges book, and don’t be afraid to ask an admission counselor at your dream school directly about their early admission practices.

There is a (potential) disadvantage to applying early, however. You may not have the opportunity to compare financial aid packages offered by other schools.

Early Action vs Early Decision
Most schools allow you to apply early in one of two ways: early decision or early action.

Early decision
Early decision is binding. This means if you are accepted through early decision, you are committed to attending that school, and will withdraw any applications you may have submitted for the regular deadlines at other schools. You may not apply to more than one college under early decision. If you are not accepted, you will either be rejected or deferred. Rejected applicants may not apply again that year. Deferred applicants will be reconsidered during the regular admission period, and are free to apply to other schools.

Early decision deadlines are often in November, and students are typically notified of the decision in December.

Early action
Early action is non–binding. This means you are not bound to attend if you are accepted. You may also apply early action to multiple colleges. Early action deadlines usually fall at the same time as early decision.

The obvious advantage of early action over early decision is the opportunity it gives you to apply to, and ultimately compare financial aid packages from several schools. If you are accepted early decision, you risk missing the admission deadlines of other schools while you wait for your award package to arrive. If that award is lackluster, your options are fewer.

Our Advice
If you’re sure that you’ve found your best-fit school, you know it’s one you want to attend, you’re a strong candidate for admission, and you know that you can afford the tuition, go ahead and apply early decision.

That is a whole lot of research and comparison to have done by fall of your senior year, though, and if you’re uncertain about any of those factors, you’re not alone! Keep your options open by applying early action, or by the regular deadline.

MIT at Band – October 9

Do you want to know more about MIT? Come to the event next Monday, October 9th from 1-3pm in room A11.

You will learn strategies to become part of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), a top university in areas such as Science, Technology and Engineering. You will learn more about undergraduate admissions at MIT and hear some inspirational stories about notable professors and young Brazilians who attend MIT.

The event will be hosted by Dr. Elaine Lizeo, in her role as Brazilian Chair – MIT Educational Council and coordinator of the Brazilian team of interviewers as well as Mr. Fernando Carvalho who has been working for over a decade at promoting MIT’s educational opportunities in Brazil. From 1997 to 2006, Dr. Elaine Lizeo concluded her Masters Degree at MIT and conducted research for her Masters, Doctorate and Post-Doctorate theses at MIT.

MIT logo

 

10 Universities Where International Students Receive Aid

According to data submitted to U.S. News in an annual survey, among the 419 ranked schools where at least 50 international students were awarded aid during 2016-2017, the average amounted to $20,470. But the average was significantly higher among the 10 schools where those students were given the most aid, at $60,576.

Topping the list is the University of Chicago, ranked in a tie at No. 3 among National Universities. Also on the list: the Ivy League Harvard University and Yale University, along with Williams College, the No. 1 ranked National Liberal Arts College. Columbia University, which is second on the list after the University of Chicago, is also the private school with the highest tuition and fees – $57,208 – for the 2017-2018 school year.

Other schools on the list include: Skidmore College, Trinity College, Stanford University, Amherst College, Wesleyan University.

To see the table with details from the 10 universities go to: US News 10 Universities Where International Students Receive Aid

 

Browsing a College Course Catalog

When thinking about what university you may want to apply to or even thinking about a potential major, one tool that can be very helpful is to browse through some course catalogs.

Most universities now have their course catalogs online and you can see classes offered, pre-requisites by major, etc.

Some examples include:

University of Chicago The College Catalog

Boston University Courses Search

UCLA Catalog

So start browsing and learn more about what your day-to-day classes at these universities would actually be like!

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Where Celebrities Went to College

Ever wondered which college your favorite celebrity attended? Below is a list published by Marie Claire. There are several other lists out there so if your favorite celebrity is not on this list, google their college and let us know!

  • Emma Watson – Brown University
  • Brad Pitt – University of Missouri
  • Ashton Kutcher – University of Iowa
  • Conan O’Brien – Harvard
  • Matthew McConaughey – University of Texas at Austin
  • Anne Hathaway – Vassar College
  • Natalie Portman – Harvard
  • James Franco – UCLA
  • Will Ferrell – University of Southern California
  • Denzel Washington – Fordham University
  • Kourtney Kardashian – Southern Methodist University & University of Arizona
  • Julia Stiles – Columbia University
  • Ben Stiller – UCLA
  • Adam Sandler – New York University
  • Zach Braff – Northwestern
  • Renne Zellweger – University of Texas at Austin
  • Brooke Shields – Princeton
  • Jodie Foster – Yale
  • Meryl Streep – Vassar
  • Ashley Judd – University of Kentucky
  • Jake Gyllenhaal – Columbia University
  • Lisa Kudrow – Vassar
  • Eva Longoria – Texas A&M University
  • John Legend – University of Pennsylvania
  • Lil Wayne – University of Houston
  • John Krasinski – Brown University
  • Lily Collins – University of Southern California
  • Maggie Gyllenhaal – Columbia University
  • Kristen Bell – New York University
  • Amy Poehler – Boston College
  • Mindy Kaling – Dartmouth
  • Rashida Jones – Harvard
  • Elizabeth Banks – University of Pennsylvania
  • Giuliana Rancic – University of Maryland
  • Rachel Dratch – Dartmouth

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A Few Telling Freshman Trends

The New York Times published a very interesting article on some telling freshman trends.

In 1967, 43% of people answering the survey didn’t apply to any universities. The second largest percentage was 21% which applied to ONE university. By comparison, in 2016 21% of those surveyed were applying to 7 to 10 universities.

In 1974, 77% of those surveyed were attending their first choice university. In 2016 57% are attending their first choice.

More results in the photo below or on the NY Times website.

freshman survey

6 Common Reasons College Applications Get Rejected

Below, college admissions deans share the most common reasons why applications get rejected at their schools and offer tips on submitting a competitive application. Source: US News

1. The applicant doesn’t meet the academic threshold. The types of courses that students take in high school and the grades they receive in those classes are the best indicators of how well a student will perform in college, experts say.
Most colleges will base an admissions decision on all aspects of a student’s application and not just grades and test scores, but admissions counselors want to know that students have a strong enough foundation to handle challenging courses at their institution.
“We have a bottom floor that if they don’t achieve over a number in one of those categories, then it is an overall denial of admissions,” says LeAnn Hughes, vice president for enrollment and marketing at Illinois Wesleyan University.

2. The application is incomplete. Missing test scores, recommendation letters and other application materials will delay the review process for applicants.
Colleges are likely to ask students to submit missing pieces of their application before the deadline, but it’s better to double-check the requirements first.
“Do homework ahead of time to know what the institutions are requiring and to know what the deadlines are, because those are the easiest ways to make sure the application is reviewed,” says Heidi Meyer, executive director of admissions at the University of Minnesota—Twin Cities.

3. The school isn’t a good fit. Admissions officers don’t expect teens to have concrete career and academic plans, but they do want students to understand the college’s mission and have a clear idea of how the school can help them meet their goals. That means researching the institution before applying to make sure the college offers the type of education and experience that the applicant needs. Teens also need to think about what they can offer the college’s community.
“If we have a student whose essay indicates that they really want a large school experience or they write about how they wanted to major in something that we didn’t necessarily have the appropriate major to get them where they are going, we would want to have a conversation with that student,” Hughes says. Illinois Wesleyan has fewer than 2,000 undergraduate students.

4. There are too many errors. Don’t put Howard University when you’re applying to Hampton. Admissions officers may be willing to overlook a minor mistake, but submitting applications filled with typos and errors shows admissions counselors that the applicant isn’t serious about their institution, or that the applicant doesn’t have sufficient writing skills to succeed at the college, experts say.
“Make sure that you have two, three sets of eyes looking at your credentials before you submit,” says Angela Nixon Boyd, dean of admissions at Hampton University.

5.The student has a record of behavior problems. “A lot of colleges and universities pay close attention to character, and if students have had issues with suspensions or anything of that regard, that’s going to really impact the decision,” Nixon Boyd says.

A suspension isn’t an automatic reason for denial. Cell phone violations or tardiness won’t have the same impact as a history of fighting or being disruptive in class, Nixon Boyd says.
Students with suspensions on their records can explain those incidents in their application.

6. The demand is much greater than the supply. “The problem for us is that we have so many more qualified, talented, interesting people than we can enroll,” Lee Coffin, dean of admissions and financial aid at Dartmouth College, says. Dartmouth accepted about 10 percent of the 20,000-plus applications they received in 2016, Coffin says.
“We’re looking to populate the class with people who are going to complement the community that we’re trying to build,” he says. What the community needs changes from year to year and can vary in anything from academics to diversity or athletics. Teens who clearly articulate their interests, goals and potential are most likely to be considered for a spot in the freshman class.
“From a student’s perspective, the opportunity is: ‘How do I write essays that introduce my personal narrative, my aspirations, my academic interests, as clearly as I can? How do I get recommendations that introduce me to this admissions officer in a way that rounds out the letter grade or maybe the test score that is in that subject area?'”

 

UC Berkeley: What can we change in a single generation?

Berkeley is looking ahead and asking a simple question: what can we change in a single generation? From health to water, food systems to climate, energy to economic equality – visit their website for some of their research and advocacy projects that they hope will radically improve life for everyone #InThisGen.

They are asking questions like:

Remember when stress made us sick?

Remember when we couldn’t print houses?

Remember when cancer wasn’t treatable over the counter?

Remember when we worried about drought?

Go learn more about this incredible initiative!

berkeley

Stanford summer reading list

The 3 books Stanford is asking incoming freshmen to read over the summer

“The Three Books program is designed to introduce you to the experience of reading, thinking, and talking about challenging subjects as a member of Stanford’s intellectual community,” professor Noah Diffenbaugh wrote to the class of 2021.

Diffenbaugh, the faculty moderator of the program and a professor of earth system science, said this year’s theme was on sustainability and equity.

“All three of these books have had a deep impact on me and my thinking,” he wrote. “And, just as each of these books offers a sense of hope and optimism amid extremely challenging circumstances, I am optimistic that in discussing these challenges we can help each other find a sense of hope for the future!” he continued.

Want to know which books are on the list? Go to this link.

stanford book 1 stanford book 2 stanford book 3