William Shakespeare

All the World’s a Stage

shakespeareAll the world’s a stage,
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances,
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages. At first, the infant,
Mewling and puking in the nurse’s arms.
Then the whining schoolboy, with his satchel
And shining morning face, creeping like snail
Unwillingly to school. And then the lover,
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad
Made to his mistress’ eyebrow. Then a soldier,
Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard,
Jealous in honor, sudden and quick in quarrel,
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the cannon’s mouth. And then the justice,
In fair round belly with good capon lined,
With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,
Full of wise saws and modern instances;
And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts
Into the lean and slippered pantaloon,
With spectacles on nose and pouch on side;
His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide
For his shrunk shank, and his big manly voice,
Turning again toward childish treble, pipes
And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all,
That ends this strange eventful history,
Is second childishness and mere oblivion,
Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.

William Shakespeare:


  • baptised 26 April 1564 (birth date unknown)
  • Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England


  • 23 April 1616 (aged 52)
  • Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England


  • playwright, poet, actor

Literary movement

  • English Renaissance theatre


  • Anne Hathaway (m. 1582–1616)


  • Susanna Hall
  • Hamnet Shakespeare
  • Judith Quiney

Antony and Cleopatra
Julius Caesar
King Lear
Romeo and Juliet
Timon of Athens
Titus Andronicus

King Henry IV Part 1
King Henry IV Part 2
King Henry V
King Henry VI Part 1
King Henry VI Part 2
King Henry VI Part 3
King Henry VIII
King John
Richard II
Richard III

All’s Well That Ends Well
As You Like It
Comedy of Errors
Love’s Labour’s Lost
Measure for Measure
Merchant of Venice
Merry Wives of Windsor
Midsummer Night’s Dream
Much Ado About Nothing
Pericles, Prince of Tyre
Taming of the Shrew
Troilus and Cressida
Two Gentlemen of Verona
Winter’s Tale

A Lover’s Complaint
Sonnets 1-30
Sonnets 121-154
Sonnets 31-60
Sonnets 61-90
Sonnets 91-120
The Passionate Pilgrim
The Phoenix and the Turtle
The Rape of Lucrece
Venus and Adonis

In the Limelight


The song’s lyrics were written by Neil Peart with music written by Geddy Lee and Alex Lifeson. “Limelight” expresses Peart’s discomfort with Rush’s success and being in the limelight. “Limelight” also employs a number of Shakespearian phrases. Rush is a progressive rock band which formed in Willowdale, Ontario, Canada in 1968.

Sing along……

Living on a lighted stage
Approaches the unreal
For those who think and feel
In touch with some reality
Beyond the gilded cage

Cast in this unlikely role
Ill-equipped to act
With insufficient tact
One must put up barriers
To keep oneself intact

Living in the limelight
The universal dream
For those who wish to seem
Those who wish to be
Must put aside the alienation
Get on with the fascination
The real relation
The underlying theme

Living in a fish eye lens
Caught in the camera eye
I have no heart to lie
I can’t pretend a stranger
Is a long-awaited friend

All the world’s indeed a stage
And we are merely players
Performers and portrayers
Each another’s audience
Outside the gilded cage


Mercury and the Workman

A workman, felling wood by the side of a river, let his axe drop by accident into a deep pool.  Being thus deprived of the means of his livelihood, he sat down on the bank and lamented his hard fate.  Mercury appeared and demanded the cause of his tears.  After he told him his misfortune, Mercury plunged into the stream, and, bringing up a golden axe, inquired if that were the one he had lost.  On his saying that it was not his, Mercury disappeared beneath the water a second time, returned with a silver axe in his hand, and again asked the Workman if it were his.  When the Workman said it was not, he dived into the pool for the third time and brought up the axe that had been lost.  The workman claimed it and expressed his joy at its recovery. Mercury, pleased with his honesty, gave him the golden and silver axes in addition to his own.  The Workman, on his return to his house, related to his companions all that had happened. One of them at once resolved to try and secure the same good fortune for himself.  He ran to the river and threw his axe on purpose into the pool at the same place, and sat down on the bank to weep.

Mercury appeared to him just as he hoped he would; and having learned the cause of his grief, plunged into the stream and brought up a golden axe, inquiring if he had lost it.  The workman seized it greedily, and declared that truly it was the very same axe that he had lost.  Mercury, displeased at his knavery, not only took away the golden axe, but refused to recover for him the axe he had thrown into the pool.

Moral: Honesty is the best policy.

The Ant and the Grasshopper

In a field one summer’s day a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing to its heart’s content. An Ant passed by, bearing along with great toil an ear of corn he was taking to the nest.

“Why not come and chat with me,” said the Grasshopper, “instead of toiling and moiling in that way?”

“I am helping to lay up food for the winter,” said the Ant, “and recommend you to do the same.”

“Why bother about winter?” said the Grasshopper; we have got plenty of food at present.” But the Ant went on its way and continued its toil.

When the winter came the Grasshopper found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the ants distributing, every day, corn and grain from the stores they had collected in the summer.

Then the Grasshopper knew..

Moral: It is best to prepare for the days of necessity.

Achilles’ heel

Curious as to where the expression, “That’s my Achilles’ heel” originated from?

Have you seen the movie Troy? When Brad Pitt played the role of Achilles in the movie, he depicted the literal derivation of the famous and frequent phrase, “That’s my Achilles’ heel.” As it took an arrow being shot into Achilles’ tendon in the ankle (named the Achilles tendon, after the legendary Greek warrior) to bring about the death of the mighty warrior Achilles, an “Achilles’ heel” now refers to any weakness or vulnerability that would lead to one’s death.

The following explanation affords an interesting and accurate account of the origins of the expression.

An Achilles’ heel is a deadly weakness in spite of overall strength, which can actually or potentially lead to downfall. While the mythological origin refers to a physical vulnerability, metaphorical references to other attributes or qualities that can lead to downfall are common.

The strongest and largest tendon, the Achilles tendon connects muscles in the lower leg with the heel bone. Sports that tighten the calf muscles can overstress this tendon and cause a strain (Achilles tendinitis) or a rupture.


The death of Achilles was not mentioned in Homer’s Iliad, but appeared in later Greek and Roman poetry and drama concerning events after the Iliad, later in the Trojan War. In the myths surrounding the war, Achilles was said to have died from a heel wound which was the result of an arrow – possibly poisoned – shot by Paris.

Classical myths attribute Achilles’ invulnerability to a treatment of Ambrosia and burning away of his mortality in the house fire except on the heel, with which he was held by his mother Thetis. Peleus, his father, discovered the treatment and angered Thetis, who fled into the sea.

According to a myth  that arose later, his mother had dipped the infant Achilles in the river Styx, holding onto him by his heel, and he became invulnerable where the waters touched him – that is, everywhere except the areas of his heel that were covered by her thumb and forefinger. It is not clear how the waters of the Styx, which silenced the gods for nine years, could confer immortality; or how Thetis could gain access to them; or how Peleus would accidentally discover the project.


An idiom is a speech form or an expression that is peculiar to itself grammatically or cannot be understood from the individual meanings of its elements. Example: You’re the apple of my eye.

Originally it means the central aperture of the eye. Figuratively it is something, or more usually someone, cherished above others.

Some idioms to make your conversation more natural…..

“I need a shoulder to cry on.”
If someone needs a shoulder to cry on, they need someone who can provide them with emotional support.

“You’re very nosey.”
If someone is nosey, he/she tries to find out about private things of others which shouldn’t concern them.

“It cost me an arm and a leg.”
It means I paid an extremely high price.

“It’s not advisable to change horses in midstream.”
It means it might be unwise or at best a very risky thing to do if people make new plans in the middle of an important activity.

“I have to cash a check and make a payment on my bank loan. I’ll kill two birds with one stone by doing them both in one trip to the bank.”
It means to complete two tasks with one process or action.



Determined to put together a successful high school Glee Club, Spanish teacher Will Schuester fights against all the odds, which include a nasty cheerleading coach, childish football players and a lack of support from the principal, to gather a special group of students who have the ability to compete on a national level.

After putting together a group of students varying from a popular high school quarterback to the biggest geek in school, Will finds little support from those around him (including his wife), but his desire for helping these students realize their true star potential greatly outweighs the obstacles.

Series Premiere: The series aired a preview on May 19, 2009, but the actual series premiere aired on September 9, 2009.

Glee’ Cast:

  • Dianna Agron as Quinn Fabray
  • Chris Colfer as Kurt Hummel
  • Jessalyn Gilsig as Terri Schuester
  • Jane Lynch as Sue Sylvester
  • Jayma Mays as Emma Pillsbury
  • Kevin McHale as Artie Abrams
  • Lea Michele as Rachel Berry
  • Cory Monteith as Finn Hudson
  • Matthew Morrison as Will Schuester
  • Amber Riley as Mercedes
  • Mark Salling as Puck
  • Jenna Ushkowitz as Tina


  • All of the singing and dancing on the show is genuinely performed by the actors.
  • After releasing a remake of Journey’s hit song “Don’t Stop Believin'” in May (2009), the song skyrocketed to #1 on the iTunes charts.
  • Confident that the series would be a huge success, Fox and Columbia Records decided to record a soundtrack for the show.
  • Series stars Jayma Mays (Emma) and Jessalyn Gilsig (Terri) have both appeared in vital guest starring roles on NBC’s Heroes as Charlie (the woman who was the object of Hiro’s affections) and Meredith (Claire Bennet’s biological mother) respectively.

IMAGINE (John Lennon) – Veja o vídeo

Imagine there’s no heaven
It’s easy if you try
No hell below us
Above us only sky
Imagine all the people
Living for today…

Imagine there’s no countries
It isn’t hard to do
Nothing to kill or die for
And no religion too
Imagine all the people
Living life in peace…

You may say I’m a dreamer
But I’m not the only one
I hope someday you’ll join us
And the world will be as one

Imagine no possessions
I wonder if you can
No need for greed or hunger
A brotherhood of man
Imagine all the people
Sharing all the world…

You may say I’m a dreamer
But I’m not the only one
I hope someday you’ll join us
And the world will live as one

After the Storm (Mumford & Sons)


And after the storm,
I run and run as the rains come
And I look up, I look up,
on my knees and out of luck,
I look up.

Night has always pushed up day
You must know life to see decay
But I won’t rot, I won’t rot
Not this mind and not this heart,
I won’t rot.

And I took you by the hand
And we stood tall,
And remembered our own land,
What we lived for.

And there will come a time, you’ll see, with no more tears.
And love will not break your heart, but dismiss your fears.
Get over your hill and see what you find there,
With grace in your heart and flowers in your hair.

And now I cling to what I knew
I saw exactly what was true
But oh no more.
That’s why I hold,
That’s why I hold with all I have.
That’s why I hold.

I will die alone and be left there.
Well I guess I’ll just go home,
Oh God knows where.
Because death is just so full and mine so small.
Well I’m scared of what’s behind and what’s before.

And there will come a time, you’ll see, with no more tears.
And love will not break your heart, but dismiss your fears.
Get over your hill and see what you find there,
With grace in your heart and flowers in your hair.

And there will come a time, you’ll see, with no more tears.
And love will not break your heart, but dismiss your fears.
Get over your hill and see what you find there,
With grace in your heart and flowers in your hair.


“In critical moments even the very powerful have need of the weakest.”

“Injuries may be forgiven, but not forgotten.”

“Persuasion is often more effectual than force.”

“The smaller the mind, the greater the conceit.”

The clash of data civilisations

Sharply differing attitudes towards privacy in Europe and America are a headache for the world’s internet giants

big-brother-posterWATCHDOGS are growling at the web giants, and sometimes biting them. In May European data-protection agencies wrote to Google, Microsoft and Yahoo! demanding independent proof that they were making promised changes to protect the privacy of users’ search history. They also urged Google to store sensitive search data for only six months instead of nine.

In April ten privacy and data-protection commissioners from countries including Canada, Germany and Britain wrote a public letter to Eric Schmidt, Google’s boss, demanding changes in Google Buzz, the firm’s social-networking service, which had been criticised for dipping into users’ Gmail accounts to find “followers” for them without clearly explaining what it was doing. Google promptly complied.

Such run-ins with regulators are likely to multiply – and limit the freedom of global internet firms. It is not just that online privacy has become a controversial issue. More importantly, privacy rules are national, but data flows lightly and instantly across borders, often thanks to companies like Google and Facebook, which manage vast databases.

From: The Economist